By Rose Wellness | 06/29/2021

Insulin Resistance & Metabolic Syndrome

Insulin Resistance & Metabolic Syndrome

Metabolic syndrome is a medical term used to describe a number of conditions that can increase your risk of heart disease. Some of the risk factors include diabetes, high cholesterol, and high blood pressure. According to the Centers for Disease Control, approximately 30 percent of adults in the United States suffer from metabolic syndrome. Here we look into how insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome are corelated.

Understanding Insulin Resistancesugar control

When you eat food, your body transforms the food into glucose, which is a form of sugar. The pancreas produces a hormone called insulin. Insulin helps transport glucose into the cells in your body where the glucose is then used as energy.

If the body’s tissues and cells stop responding to insulin, insulin resistance occurs. When you suffer from insulin resistance, your body will begin producing more and more insulin. Because your cells do not properly respond to the insulin created in the pancreas, your body will not be able to properly utilize glucose.

Insulin resistance goes hand in hand with a number of health issues, including high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, and diabetes. When you have several of these medical issues at the same time, this is referred to as metabolic syndrome. These health issues increase the risk of developing cardiovascular disease, stroke and type 2 diabetes. Other names for this condition include syndrome X and insulin resistance syndrome.

Symptoms of Metabolic Syndrome

Metabolic syndrome does not have a specific set of signs or symptoms; however, there are numerous indicators of metabolic syndrome. For example-

  • Excess weight around the waist can be an indicator of metabolic syndrome.
  • If you have high blood pressure, you may experience frequent headaches.
  • For those who have diabetes, unusual thirst and frequent urination are common.

Causes of Metabolic Syndrome

A number of health issues act together and cause metabolic syndrome. Some common causes that increase your risk of developing metabolic syndrome include-

  • Consuming too many calories and too much saturated fat.
  • Lack of exercise and physical activity.
  • Insulin resistance and those with a family history of these metabolic syndrome risk factors.

Diagnosis of Metabolic Syndrome

When you visit your health care provider, s/he will perform a physical exam along with a few blood tests. If three or more of the following are true, you may be diagnosed with metabolic syndrome:

Risk Factors for Developing Metabolic Syndrome

  • Over Weight – Your Body Mass Index (BMI) score places you in the overweight or obese category and much of your weight may be carried in your midsection. Women with a waist measurement larger than 35 inches and men with a waist measurement large than 40 inches are considered higher risk.
  • High Blood Pressure – Your blood pressure is higher than normal. If your blood pressure readings are higher than 130/85, or you take blood pressure medications to control your blood pressure.
  • High Sugar – Your glucose levels while fasting are greater than 100 mg/dL or you take medications to reduce your glucose levels.
  • High Triglycerides – Your triglycerides are greater than 150 mg/dL, or you take cholesterol medications to control your triglyceride levels.
  • Low Good Cholesterol – Your good cholesterol (HDL) levels are lower than 40 mg/DL.

How to Overcome Metabolic Syndrome?


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